Neuralink, the company elon musk once kept his plans secret, will combine human brains and machines with a special chip. Elon wants to make people super-intelligent by combining our brains with digital neural networks with computers and artificial intelligence to prevent super intelligence from destroying humanity's lineage in the future. Brain chips will relieve vision and hearing loss. It'll block Parkinson's, strengthen memory and lift the paralyzed.
What is NeuraLink?
NeuraLink is perhaps one of the companies that Elon Musk founded in 2016. Despite this awareness, the company has been continuing its project without explanation since it was made public in 2017. However, NeuraLink overturned this with an announcement on July 16.
What is the Purpose of NeuraLink?
Although NeuraLink was initially set up to address problems created by people with sensory disabilities and strokes and Parkinson's-like diseases, Elon Musk stresses that the company's main goal is different. Musk believes that with future advances, artificial intelligence technology could become a disaster for humanity – technologies that could improve people's mental capacity. In short, NeuraLink is mainly working to achieve some kind of superhuman mental capacity. The company has now prioritised brain implants called brain and mem vemakine interfaces (BMI). These devices consist of electrodes placed in areas of the brain that will be stimulated by an electrical signal. Signals that will be sent to the interface or will come from the interface are controlled with the help of computers thanks to special software.
How Does NeuraLink Work?
Electrical stimuics govern the process from the determination of a command in our brain to the application of that command by our limbs. These natural electrical stimuli are like cryptic messages the brain sends to the body. If you have a system to intercept and decrypt these messages; you can read the thought in one mind instantly, or even transmit it directly to another machine. That's exactly what neuralink's technology does. Electrodes embedded a few centimeters deep in the brain in a small surgical operation are connected to a miniprocessor, which is located just behind the ear of the creature. The electrodes take messages from the brain and transmit them to the miniprocessor behind the patient's ear. This mini-computer also communicates with other machines via wireless network, allowing the creature to route digital devices.
The most important of the studies is to increase the number of electrodes to be implanted in the brain to an impressive level. NeuraLink has reached 1,000 times the number of interface electrodes used today. This means that in a way, the number of neurons that are meant to be reached in the brain will increase by the same amount. Moreover, the company chose material with a thin-film appearance in the design of the probes containing electrodes. Thin-film probes are able to provide a more advanced bio-adaptation process than silicone probes, which are often preferred. In other words, the adaptation process of the tissue is facilitated by the material used and the risk of complications decreases.
Why Is NeuraLink So Curious?
Since artificial intelligence and robots are highly integrated into our lives, every step taken for humanity and science is very important, so neuraLink's design and use of disease treatment and life facilitation promises us a better future.
NeuraLink's First Experiments
While the devices have so far been known to experiment with mice, Musk said the event's Q&A also explored monkeys along with scientists from the University of California. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lA77zsJ31nA "The monkey managed to control the computer with his brain. Just for your information, Elon Musk
NeuraLink and Neuroethics
Following this extraordinary project, new questions began to be raised. The good faith dimension of the research is unmistakable, but there are no regulations that could limit the malicious use of these devices. Moreover, the development of technical capacities of these devices brings with it some important side effects. For example, there is no mention of the problems that can be caused by significantly increasing the number of electrodes. In addition, questions about the safety of users are increasing rapidly. In 2018, a slovenian woman's deep brain stimulation implant became unusable after being affected by lightning from a nearby storm. There's always talk of scenarios that are worse than this.
NeuraLink and Neural Networks
Neuralink chips will begin replacing damaged tissue in the brain in an estimated 10 years. Thus, it will be possible to cure Parkinson's disease and the like with cybernetic chips, which causes the muscles to tremble uncontrollably. Bionic chips will also be implanted in the hippocampus area of the brain. To prevent aging-related memory loss, damaged neurons of the hippocamus, which allow short-term memory to be transferred to long-term memory, will be replaced with Neuralink digital neural networks. This will strengthen the memory of the elderly and prevent forgetfulness. Neuralink chips will also help cure psychiatric disorders such as chronic depression by giving the brain a low-voltage current. This is a treatment method already applied in hospitals abroad. However, hospitals wear EEG hats on the person's head for this, which requires the patient to go to the hospital regularly.
NeuraLink and the First Human Experiment
The Neuralink project said it expects FDAapproval to begin clinical trials on humans in 2020. The first trials are expected to be on patients with spinal cord paralysis, with four Neuralink devices implanted in their brains.
Elon Musk and the Panic of Super Intelligence
Besides the supply-demand issue and risk scenarios with realistic company goals, there is also the idealistic side of the job: Elon Musk believes that super intelligence, which will manifest itself with intelligent robots and artificial intelligence, can intentionally or accidentally destroy the human species. According to him, the best way to prevent this is to make sure people are super smart, too. In this context, Musk himself wants to turn the human brain into an organic supercomputer to get people to better deal with the super-intelligent robots that will emerge in the future, and plans to create super-intelligent people with the help of Neuralink. However, the unflific use of this technology, let alone the creation of free, healthy people with superior morals and superior intelligence; billions of people can turn brains into unconscious consumers with voting milkings that are washed a million times a day with a wireless internet connection
Is Super Intelligence a Threat?
One of the most curious topics is "Is Artificial Intelligence a Threat to Humanity?" In our next article, we'll discuss it and talk about it.